This working list includes the most compelling positions and descriptions we received, but it is only a start. Much higher operating temperatures and much greater thermal efficiency. Atomic energy technology, politics, and perceptions from a nuclear energy insider who served as a US nuclear submarine engineer officer, November 14, 2020 By Rod Adams 45 Comments. Experience shows recovering actinides and remanufacturing nuclear fuel from SNF results in additional expense over the once through fuel cycle. Every once in a while, especially if there were questions being asked, I’d invest in messaging that described fission’s amazing safety record. We’re talking about an energy source that as the technology advances will have almost limitless fuel reserves and a tiny waste stream when you look at molten salt reactors. Check out these comments from a recent paper from Japan that discusses the history of nuclear energy: “The oil industry might well have felt threatened by the discovery of atomic energy.”, Low-dose radiation from A-bombs elongated lifespan and reduced cancer mortality relative to un-irradiated individuals, https://genesenvironment.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41021-018-0114-3. There’s room for many different approaches. Nuclear energy provides more than 100,000 well-paid, long-term jobs and supports local economies with millions of dollars in state and local tax revenues. Or you can build more reasonably sized LWRs with lower core damage frequency (ESBWR), significantly better fuel utilization, which require fewer licensed operators per megawatt, etc.. With regards to the conspiracy against nuclear power…. Founder, Adams Atomic Engines, Inc. And when presented with this amazing potential from nuclear power, people now both mentally and economically dependent on fossil fuels behave in the same way someone with agoraphobia would when presented with the great plains. So I look at all natural gas power plants as potential methanol electric power plants that could use methanol produced from nuclear power. All this in a reactor that isn’t pressurized, doesn’t use water or a moderator and because of its much higher temperatures has much higher thermal efficiency. Nuclear plant decommissioning. It wasn’t technical issues that sidelined the MSBR in the mid 1970s, it was politics. The major selling point of the Elysium reactor isn’t that it’s fuel cost will be cheap, it’s that they will be in the black. Since we have to start somewhere, this story will start in Germany, in 1895, where afellow named Roentgen was experimenting with cathode rays in a glass tube that he had sucked the airout of. It also results in a lot of contaminated equipment in the fab, necessitates remote handling, and creates diverse waste streams that prove more difficult to handle than sealed tubes containing a relatively inert oxide, which may be stored indefinitely in a cask. Sounds reasonable /s. They need to be selling 1. inexpensive power. That culture was absolutely present in the 40s and the 50s. That can be overcome. I’ve read each one. If the person accused has a long record of basing his/her arguments on lies & logical fallacies, then the red flag can be taken down. The nuclear industry is simply what happens when bureaucrat culture takes over everything to the point where it chokes itself to death. The core itself is the coolant and heat exchange medium. https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2020/01/22/climate-change-solution-nuclear-energy-our-best-hope-column/2821183001/. By that time, the trajectories were well established. That’s 48.7 quads of heat per year, 4+ quads per month. Busts nearly always occur as a result of an overabundance (glut). Nuclear is the real threat to fossil fuels. Clean, reliable nuclear energy is a critical part of U.S. infrastructure because it runs nonstop for 18-24 months at a time. I having followed your thoughts on this for years. That’s why I chose to go into fusion: we haven’t been stopped yet. In the spirit of crowdsourcing, the Day One Project is excited to unveil a curated list of what we heard. Maybe what it comes down to and it’s definitely how I see it, nuclear power extends our horizons vastly beyond where fossil fuels can ever take us. Several countries use MOX in LWRs, but I argue that there is no spent fuel ‘crisis’ Building a nuclear power plant can be discouraging for stakeholders. Talk about the advantages to large factories. It is more of an effort to illustrate that opposition to nuclear doesn’t spring from ideology and isn’t the moral high ground that many opponents have tried to claim it is. It’s not difficult to obscure sources of cash, especially when recipients have policies of confidentiality designed to protect donors from constant appeals from others. Sure, there is a financial conspiracy against nuclear. What is one criticism of nuclear energy development projects abroad? When a entire countries like France or Sweden can shift almost all electricity production from coal and oil to nuclear over a 15 year period, it makes bankers, fossil fuel CEOs, sheiks, oligarchs, prime ministers, and others take action to prevent the possibility that others will “get it.”. When in operation this reactor will burn spent nuclear fuel, plutonium from decommissioned weapons and when reactor chemistry is mature it can burn depleted uranium. 14 Billion at about 1% interest / year needs 772,622,435.64 a year to pay off the capital cost in 20 years. The core is also permanent, the salt repairs itself about 100,000 times faster than the neutron flux damages it. And CO2 captured from the flu gases of methanol electric power plants and used to make even more methanol could make methanol production even cheaper. One pound of uranium has as much energy as three million pounds of coal. So it just builds and builds, on itself. I believe improvements could be made where enrichment is reduced and fuel stays in the core longer, so long as these developments provided some financial benefit, such as requiring less fuel over the lifetime of the plant *without reducing heat rate too much*. Plus recycling CO2 extracted from the atmosphere or from sea water would make the process more than carbon neutral; it would make every new power plant– converted to use methanol— carbon negative. One of the main problems is that the EB is a highly politicized body. It also results in a lot of contaminated equipment in the fab, necessitates remote handling, and creates diverse waste streams that prove more difficult to handle than sealed tubes containing a relatively inert oxide, which may be stored indefinitely in a cask. At least you’re not using the present tense; that’s a common mistake that proponents make when describing their preferred academic reactor. Since the stories are spread over the 80 year period since atomic fission was discovered to be an incredibly dense source of heat, they can be overlooked or forgotten. I am saying that aiming ALL our engineering at SAFETY leads us to the AP 1000. There is no technical reason why those licenses cannot be extended if necessary and no reason why casks cannot be repaired or replaced if they show signs of deterioration. That sounds awfully academic to me considering the material science issues (corrosion) – the fuel is going to outlast the system. Where are the lobbyists filling the halls of congress with money and donations to help them see that the NRC regulations are horrible and not needed. When that happens, prices fall precipitously. They have, in some cases, adopted the business model of ensuring that supply is always somewhat less than demand. Because it is clearly not with PWRs and BWRs. Nuclear power has avoided about 55 Gt of CO2 emissions over the past 50 years, nearly equal to 2 years of global energy-related CO2 emissions. Any halide fuel would need to be converted to an oxide before it could be as safely and as easily stored as LWR fuel. If I was running communications for a nuclear company, I’d spend a lot of time and ink on touting the numerous benefits it brings. I am aware that Ellysium is making some progress with testing salt loops and that TerraPower is also working on the fundamental testing required to enable chloride salt fast reactors to be produced and reliably operated. 3. inexpensive power. Look, I literally know a thousand islands in the Philippines that could use 50 to 100 MW of power tomorrow. Who is important in the process and pushing back on any of this? Most people didn’t even know the technology existed until Kirk Sorensen was doing research for NASA on space based reactor designs in the 2000s. But you appear to be underestimating the amount of work that must be done before this product can be ready for the market. MSRE was abandoned because it made a mess (still not cleaned up)… Thorium MOX in LWR was abandoned because it works well and makes a lot of nearly pure fissile material that is easy to concentrate. Why not shame your competition? Think of an Elysium fast reactor for instance. While the the uranium fuel is enriched to only 3-5% and could not easily be further separated to the >90% U-235 needed to produce a bomb, the spent fuel elements contain plutonium-239. View desktop site. (100 MW) How about going after a Marijuana growing center! He realized that he was looking at a new kindof ray, and called it what any reasonable ph… So what if they play nasty? Battles in fuel supply industry are about market share and about keeping supplies limited enough to keep prices profitable (or very profitable.). It’s been a while. While the health risks of Pu-239 are overblown it is an alpha emitter and if ingested can to a lot of damage. It took serious, thoughtful and creative efforts to detail a technology with such incredible potential and almost immediate areas of superiority over all other energy alternatives. Naturally if Sanders and Warren ever raise the matters I suggest, their cabinet bids will be sunk, smothered in a back room by Biden with not so much as a gasp from the GOP Senate. Financial, strategic, and political analyst. Even though industrial civilization depends on energy and fuel supply enterprises are enormous, PROFITS from the business are elusive. The major frustration I have over the past 12 years of advocating Nuclear is the “nice guy” attitude of most companies who are producing science projects rather than products. IOW, it would be a cost-focused message that alleviates nagging doubts that WILL continue to be planted by opponents. I tend to think not. There is abundant evidence showing how hydrocarbon interests have worked to spread fear, uncertainty and doubt about nuclear power. Unless there are significant improvements in materials, molten salt reactors cannot achieve high enough temperatures to be used as the heat source for modern gas and coal plants. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. (100 MW for 20 years). The Kori nuclear plant, north of Busan, has already had one of its four reactors decommissioned in June 2017, with the other three facing closure between the years 2023-2025. This is actually more on the order of lending fraud, which is covered under federal statute, and for which all of one person was actually convicted (check an article in the New York Times). Paraphrasing: “The Vogtle AP000 expansion project is building ‘toys’ and we should build micro-reactors (fuel load costs as much as a LearJet) to power grow houses….”. If safety sold, we would already be flooding the market now with SMR’s. I actually hate Marijuana. If safety sold we would not have spent 14 Billion on two new oversized science project engineering toy reactors in Georgia. And the core itself is essentially permanent and would be moved to a new reactor vessel when the old one aged out. Northern Canada! Nuclear needs to be cut-throat and a bit nasty. Please please please stop trying to put nuclear fuel in the desert. Nuclear advocacy group the World Nuclear Association found that the average emissions for nuclear are 29 tonnes of CO2per gigawatt hour (GWh) of energy produces. There is such an abundance of easily mined uranium from fully characterized resources that several of the world’s most production mines have been taken out of operation. And your inexplicable musing once that Sen. Cory Booker is somehow pro-nuclear is relevant, at least in terms of the political interplay in my home state. “CO2 extracted from the atmosphere” An analysis of nuclear energy’s characteristics within a sustainable development framework shows that the approach adopted within the nuclear energy sector is consistent with a central goal of sustainable development of passing a range of assets to future generations while … Northern Canada! what is one criticism of nuclear energ-development projects? Question: What Is One Criticism Of Nuclear Energ-development Projects?they Would Upset Fossil Fuel Based Economysome Methods Of Power Generation Create Radioisotopes That Can Be Used In Weaponspower Productiom Cannot Be Increased Or Decreases To Reflect Demandfuels Used Im Nuclear Power Are Not As Energy Rich As Coal Of the rest the longest storage need is about 300 years, not thousands. I’d spend a little less ink & time on messages that ensure audiences were well aware of the limitations of other sources of heat and power. Alaska! Hydrocarbon interests are not monolithic. It’s not just the energy market that will be profoundly changed by a systemic move to nuclear power as the base, the economic and social changes will be just as profound. Several countries use MOX in LWRs, but I argue that there is no spent fuel ‘crisis’ Replies to my comments Natural gas electric power plants can be easily and cheaply retrofitted to use methanol. | All It’s completely logical to believe that at least some of the people whose jobs, wealth and power stem from one of the world’s largest enterprises recognize and respond to the competitive threat from nuclear energy. Sigh. People in the fossil fuels sector, those who support them and those who finance them tend to see the world in a far different – and chaotic – way than someone who thinks in terms of a steady process of splitting atoms that provides virtually limitless power. Blaming it on them just papers over our own mistakes – and sets us up to fail again if we don’t fix them before trying again. In other words, NuScales plus district heating could get EVERYTHING that the networks could reach and eliminate all air emissions from it. Here’s how you process the fuel for the Elysium MCSFR. When you say our current fleet are you talking about the Light Water Reactor fleet in the USA? Experience shows recovering actinides and remanufacturing nuclear fuel from SNF results in additional expense over the once through fuel cycle. Why are these projects approved by the Clean_Development_Mechanism Executive Board (EB)?’, one might wonder. That can be overcome. Maybe Weinberg’s team would have hit some technical hurdles, but they already had a working design and needed to mate that with a power generation loop and a fuel processing system. Companies need to quit saying they are SAFE now. Nixon wanted the LMFBR for political reasons and rejected the ORNL proposal to build a MSBR for $340 million over ten years. The whole point of the Elysium MCSFR is to get a viable, safe and low waste producing reactor to market as soon as possible. Each year. Only two are in the United States, once the world’s leader in nuclear energy development. Overview. to 77 MW(e) gross. In particular, the collapse of the coal industry in recent years shows that they are incapable of protecting themselves, and the (much bigger) petrochemical industry lost most of its utility market share to nuclear power in the 70s and 80s. They seem to regulate a high-tech industry, with high hazard potential but a great safety record, without bankrupting it or stifling innovation. Political and regulatory risks – long, expensive, and changeable permitting and licensing regimes. The only way fossil fuels remain “cheap” is by transferring the true costs to everyone else. Nuclear Weapons Proliferation . You can’t have intelligent dialogue, when some people have their hands over their ears and are screaming insults at anyone they do not like. That is precisely the point. Also catalytically cracking the MeOH to CO and H2 in the regenerator. When every new design says they are safer than the guy before, but the science project / engineering study kind of approaches will never get installed. I might even spend a marginal amount of ink & time ensuring audiences knew that our specific nuclear fission power or heat system had some refinements that other fission systems did not have. I note that Zion Lights mentioned being accused of being a ‘shill’. There is abundant evidence showing how hydrocarbon interests have worked to spread fear, uncertainty and doubt about nuclear power. With a few exceptions, those who push MSR technology have little experience with nuclear power…. Ed Pheil and team take an already elegant design from Weinberg and Wigner and simplify it even further. 2,000 to 3,000 kilowatt hours (kWh) of energy per pound of product. What is one criticism of nuclear energy development projects abroad? It is well known to be a “boom and bust” business. Take a hard, critical thinking look at the challenges ORNL has had in disposing of the leftover molten salt from the MSRE. – casks are an indefinitely satisfactory solution. it’s actually not a conspiracy, but investors instincts leading them to better return on investment. Connect the dots. Resume available here. Are you kidding me? Privacy I don’t find that they add up to the massive, coordinated campaign that would be required to destroy an entire industry. Conventional reactor designs are considered multi-billion dollar infrastructure projects. Nuclear experts have conducted nuclear research since the 1970s. That doesn’t add up to the coal industry beating us through some kind of scheme – a scheme you’d think they would use to survive when the natural gas boom came for them. If you start your evaluation of nuclear fission history as if it started in the 1980s, I can see SOME basis for your conclusions. All this stuff was figured out before 1980 – the work done at shipping port was abandoned just like the MSRE. The question then becomes not “where will we get our next source of fuel to provide energy” as it is now, but “how do we use this almost limitless energy in a sound and sustainable way.”. Atomic energy expert with small nuclear plant operating and design experience. Not to mention the massive up front capital costs of building them. The current model in aviation seems to work: keep the FAA as both regulator and promoter, get rid of the CAB, and give accident investigation to an independent agency (the NTSB) so there are no coverups. Re seeing is the path of least resistance among the important people in the early models up about... A strange reaction from my browser the first time me considering the material issues. All rights reserved the production of nuclear weapons words, we would not have spent Billion... 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