singapore food security strategy

To illustrate the logics of ‘virtual’ water, it generally takes about 1,000 m3 of water to grow a ton of vegetables, 1,450 m3 for a ton of wheat, and 42,500 m3 for a ton of beef (through the feedstock used to raise cattle). food enterprises. Singapore has developed a multi-pronged approach to its own food security. -coffee, biofuel, herbs, vegetables, fruit. This article argues that the fundamental logics of trade and inter-country comparative advantage remain the cornerstone of Singapore’s food resilience program, despite official efforts to encourage domestic production of farm produce. The 2007-2008 global food crisis took place amidst an unprecedented inflation and supply crunch in various key food items such as grains. Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong announced Singapore's Cybersecurity Strategy at the Singapore International Cyber Week on 10 October 2016. This National Policy on Food Safety and Implementation Strategy (NPFSIS) is developed to meet the needs of the country in adopting and implementing a modern and effective National Food Safety System. CORAL BELL SCHOOL OF ASIA PACIFIC AFFAIRS. The commerce in ‘virtual’ water allows water to be ‘traded’, in the form of food produce, from countries with an abundant supply of water (and other related inputs like land and labour) to countries with poorer endowment factors. Singapore’s dependency on imports makes food security of paramount importance. In many countries there is also a major problem of security , and unless things are well organised the major problem is good usable water . Policy planners look at the country’s strong trade and diplomatic links as well as overall national Singapore’s armament strategy and defense industrial policy. The plan is geared towards increasing Singapore’s self-sufficiency from 23% to 30% for eggs, from 7% to 10% for leafy vegetables, and from 4% to 15% for fish. SINGAPORE: The Singapore Food Agency (SFA) has set the target of producing 30 per cent of Singapore’s nutritional needs by 2030, Environment and … In sum, Singapore’s food security strategy stresses the importance of trade, technology and talent through policies such as food source diversification, optimal local food production and building multi-sectoral networks. I am a final year MEM student of SDE, NUS who is still struggling to submit a suitable topic for my study report. Add this to the fact that a typical Singaporean household spends about 35% of its budget on meat products, and it becomes apparent that a trade-centric food diversification represents a coherent strategy as it allows for food to be sourced competitively, without overtaxing its limited resources. http://www.mycostaricafarm.com Canada and the USA regularly monitor household food insecurity, while in other countries, such as the UK, it has been the rapid rise of food bank usage that has drawn increased attention to this longstanding, but largely overlooked, problem. While it might be perplexing for a country with limited space to encourage domestic food production, such a move is justified in a strategic context. With the above as a backdrop, Singapore has devoted considerable resources to its food resilience efforts. singapore: singapore management university, lien centre for social innovation. Nevertheless, this experience underlines the importance of domestic food producing capability in maintaining social stability. Thanks a million! To reduce the dependence on any single source, fruits are sourced from regional countries like China and Australia, and non-traditional ones like the USA. To this end, Singapore has actively diversified its food supply source, reducing its dependence on more traditional food importing sources like neighbouring Malaysia, which supplies a huge proportion of the city state’s food. As part of a long-term strategy based on self-reliance rather than self-sufficiency, Singapore imports most of the food the pop-ulation consumes (approximately 90%). Your email address will not be published. Moreover, the international consensus is that food prices is likely to remain high in the near to medium term as global food production comes under pressure, with climate change affecting harvests, and a rising population and rapid urbanization increasing food demand. Partnerships.” reflects the key elements of our efforts—preparing Singapore for the uncertainties and impact of climate change, seizing opportunities and supporting Singapore’s transition to a lower emission economy. To complement domestic food production efforts, Singapore draws upon its pro-business stance and its strengths in the trading of goods and services (it enjoys the world’s highest trade to GDP ratio with Hong Kong almost on an annual basis). The global food supply disruptions wrought by the Covid-19 pandemic have underscored the importance of local production as part of Singapore’s strategies to ensure food security. Daily SG: 8 Feb 2013 | The Singapore Daily, vtrigo.com | #1 Travel Deals | Hotels, Flights, Car Rental & Vacation Packages, Religious minorities in Indonesia face discriminiation, 2020: top posts and tipping points in the year of living precariously, For human capital or social justice? W-R°•(ª3™©*¥!ìÔä›Å•úv¿3»¿O!idQ³3 6u¡T;Z"¨ŠC | ‘ô«.¯1W#`ZõlRêà²*Êö[(|ÌçÍìN?郝åÀÌ?Ë9 While it would be controversial to accept a Malthusian perspective of a world in which food insecurity is the inevitable consequence of overpopulation and outstripping the world’s finite resources, it would also be foolish for policymakers to not conceptualize a food resilience strategy, especially in the aftermath of this most recent global food crisis. His research interests include commodity chain analysis, centred upon the global agro-food system. of Singapore’s food security were revealed to be . Singapore import dependency is an estimate based on government statements Singapore has planned for food supply disruptions for years, putting in place a comprehensive strategy after … sound, ... Another strategy to diversify food supply sources . 2015. a handbook on inequality, poverty and unmet social needs in singapore. Economist Intelligence Unit recently ranked Singapore as the second-most food secure country in the world, behind only the United States. “hunger in a food lover’s paradise: understanding food insecurity in singapore.” smith, catherine j., john a. donaldson, sanushka mudaliar, mumtaz md kadir, and lam keong yeoh. “Singapore is vulnerable to food security issues, but we can turn these challenges into opportunities through R&D,” said Dr Khoo. Well this idea of inviting populations to go where there is farmland etc is a good idea , but many people prefer an easy unaccountable city life . The government hopes that with funding support, Singaporean companies and farms will be incentivised to increase their productivity levels. Taken together, Singapore's strategies for enhancing food security can be redefined to include 3 main areas: urban farming, processing technology and alternative food sources . Cyber technology can enable and empower business and society, but only if it is safe and trustworthy. This has been achieved through keeping food affordable relative to household incomes, high food safety standards and a mostly reliable supply chain from many countries. To reduce the dependence on any single source, fruits are sourced from regional countries like China and Australia, and non-traditional ones like the USA. One of my course mates has started work on food security. Imports of rice are managed through a strategic reserve under which licensed You have hungry people and wish for food security. […] New Mandala: Singapore’s food security strategy – Expat Bostonians: Haw Par Villa (warning-some images are NSFW) – The Long and Winding […], We have farmland here in Costa Rica. Take fruits for instance, Malaysia’s share of fruit imports into Singapore has declined steadily from 60% to just under 50% from 1999 to 2006. Under the roadmap also are various supporting strategies like R&D, food wastage reduction, and enabling strategies such as emergency planning, … MDBs in Myanmar: risk regulators on complex infrastructure projects? The situation was amplified when high grain prices spread to other food produce, especially meat, as grain feed constitutes a large part of meat production cost. Food source diversification remains a key strategy to bolster supply resilience, along with strategies to offset limitations in diversification, such as local production. The handful of self-produced food items will likely remain a handful, for reasons of no comparative advantage to produce food that requires large tracts of … Food security strategies include diverse food sources in approximately 170 countries, local production, and stockpiling of essential food items such as rice. As the overall food supply becomes more volatile, Singapore is taking a well balanced approach in its food resilience programs. Its title, “Climate Change & Singapore: Challenges. The development of the policy had been quite tasking, While stable food One could argue that Singapore should just allocate more land to enhance food security, or conversely, that we should concentrate on growing the economy so that we have the purchasing power to ensure food security. Singapore’s Food Security Roadmap consists of core, supporting, and enabling strategies. I encourage you to advertise all over to get people into Costa Rica and make a go of it , maybe an example to follow . Household food insecurity is a serious public health concern in high-income countries. Food production is like national defense and security: You don’t do it for bragging rights, only for the right to survive. Some of the Food Fund budget would also be allocated to research and development, and food diversification (explored in greater detail below). The Environment Secretary Michael Gove has appointed me to conduct this year-long review, and to then set out my recommendations within six months of its completion. Securing the country’s food security is its core mission. © Copyright 2020 New Mandala | Web Design: Code and Visual. She has created a balanced system of acquisitions, logistics, and local defense industrial capability within the context of a long-term plan designed to counter perceived threats. Indonesia’s study abroad scholarships fall short either way, The Thai Navy’s ‘no-response response’ to the proposed re-establishment of the US First Fleet. Lim Kok Thai, CEO of the Singapore Food Agency shared important updates on Singapore’s ’30 by 30′ food security strategy and the innovative partners working at speed to achieve this goal. An effective security strategy is comprehensive and dynamic, with the elasticity to respond to any type of security threat. Singapore currently holds the record of being the most food secure country in the world, according to the Global Food Security Index published annually by the Economist Intelligence Unit. A security strategy is thus an important document which details out series of steps necessary for an organization to identify, remediate and manage risks while staying complaint. It understands the geo-strategic concern of having some (however miniscule) form of domestic food production, yet pragmatically balances this with a proactive food import diversification policy, harnessing the logic of comparative advantage and its existing strengths in international trade. Required fields are marked *. We are pushing on both fronts: continuing to … To this end, policymakers have invested S$20 million in a Food Fund (initiated in 2009, with funds released in stages) to incentivise farms to explore new farming technologies that would ensure Singapore’s food supply resilience in the local production of three key food items: eggs, leafy vegetables, and fish. Guanie Lim is a PhD student and Teaching Assistant at the Department of Geography at the National University of Singapore. As part of a long-term strategy based on self-reliance rather than self-suf ficiency, Singapore imports most of the food the pop- ulation consumes (approximately 90%). Are there other aspects which could be explored? In the case of Singapore, the latter represents the real threat for the resource-poor island-state. Its small size notwithstanding, Singapore also has to grapple with the likelihood that Singapore’s population could reach 6.9 million in 2030 – up from the current 5.3 million – straining its resources like land (and its food provisioning capability). However, cyber-attacks are increasingly frequent, sophisticated and impactful. 9+)_cP–³ûœqúõèVÿáõB_ìuÍú)µÑjB*½wb`{¨{‡|^ŸXÕb With food safety from ‘farm-to-fork’ under the purview of a single agency, the government aims to bolster food security across the island-nation. In light of this food waste problem and to tackle food security concerns, the government formed the Inter-Ministry Committee on Food Security (IMC-FS) in 2012 to coordinate and look into holistic measures to mitigate Singapore’s food security risks and vulnerabilities. Singapore, Ireland and the U.S. were rated the top three in food security for a second straight year, despite new metrics this year such as food costs, infrastructure and nutritional standards. Viewed from this perspective, it would be unrealistic to dismiss local food production totally. Use Fertilizer More Efficiently. The Republic’s position last year atop the global index for food security despite its heavy dependence on imports showcases the city state’s success at bolstering … Chief amongst its effort is the boosting of local farm production. Local production is a core component of the food security roadmap, according to the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA) of Singapore, a state agency that helps farmers upgrade with technical know-how, research and overseas study tours. Mapping ride-hailing app driver strikes in Vietnam, The true story of cruelty to animals in Indonesia, Student activism in Philippine Catholic Universities: A brief history. Currently his research is focused on the aquaculture industry of Singapore and the broader Southeast Asian region. To this end, the lack of food has historically led to political upheavals, and it is unsurprising to find that one of the sparks that caused the late 2010 Arab Spring was a lack of affordable food for the masses. COVID-19 flights to nowhere: radical escape or radical reimagining of the everyday? Such a move is also pragmatic for a land and natural resource scarce country as it is able to, invisibly and implicitly, import millions of tons of the water that is used to grow the food elsewhere around the globe. By launching the National Food Security Strategy 2051, the UAE aims to achieve zero hunger by ensuring access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round throughout the world. food insecurity associated with structural poverty and low incomes and transitory food insecurity, which can be caused by natural disasters, economic collaps or conflict. Collaborative strategy Singapore also takes a collaborative approach to her security problems. At Treehugger, we’re not big fans of synthetic fertilizers, but the … Climate Change Strategy 2012 document. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. While the grim prediction of Malthus is hard to accept or prove, Singapore is nonetheless wise to prepare itself against any future disruptions to its food supply. “The agri-food sector is rapidly transforming, driven by climate change, technological developments and evolving consumer food preferences. nzdçQ™=ÔF+žÍ–¹JZ–¨dQM”9Oª‚M¶mÝt,«dÕmR"Bwj‚f Šø‘ºÚmêó4". Is there a potential match? Food security is an important part of a city’s policy geared at resilience. As such, if it expects to survive, it contingency […], Your email address will not be published. This food source diversification protects Singapore against potential food shortages and to a smaller extent, price volatility. Its core strategies for food security focus on diversification of its food sources, stockpiling, as well as local production to provide a buffer in times of sudden import disruptions. The other problem is that if populations are diluted over large areas , politicians lose their influence and power , this is another major obstacle . 3. Opportunities. As a country that imports over 90% of its food supply, Singapore is especially vulnerable to such a drastic change in food supply and prices. Singapores 30 by 30 food security strategy. […] many of a internal farmland by urbanization, and is nowhere nearby self-sufficient. Singapore’s own experience of a food shortage took place under different circumstances – during the Japanese occupation, and the peak periods of the Emergency and Indonesian Confrontation in which its conventional food importing channels were curtailed – and is less dramatic compared to the Aran Spring. Guanie has an MSc in International Political Economy from the Nanyang Technological University and a BEng (Hons) in Chemical Engineering from the University of Bath. is to promote the use of product substitutes, such . capabilities and exposures, start building a food security strategy to achieve them. Dec 22, 2020 Suspension of Licence of HJ Ahmad Fodali & HJH Asnawiah Asmuni, the hawker stall at 14 Haig Road #01-16 Singapore 430014, under The Points Demerit System Dec 22, 2020 Suspension of Licence of Food Establishment at 8A Admiralty Street #06-10, Singapore 757437 This food source diversification protects Singapore against potential food shortages and to a smaller extent, price volatility. The strategy specifically aims to implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems. Food security, too, is a growing concern: population growth, climate change, the global increase in meat eating are intensifying resource competition between nations. In securing food resilience, the city state is wise to capitalize on its comparative advantage in international trade and its strategic location. Among the underlying factors policymakers need to consider when mapping out a food security strategy include: Note: Import Dependency is calculated by Import and Domestic Supply data on FAO. One only has to look at the ouster of Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to see the destabilizing effects of a hungry and desperate populace. There was anxiety, and even panic in some food importing countries, as several countries began imposing export bans or quotas. Developed a multi-pronged approach to its own food security were revealed to be of threat... It expects to survive, it contingency [ … ], Your email will. 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